Verbal abuse occurs when someone repeatedly uses negative or demeaning words to gain or maintain power and control over someone else.
Verbal abuse in itself may not involve physical contact, but it can still cause emotional or psychological harm and progress toward violence.
Being on the receiving end of verbal abuse can cause a person to question their own intelligence, value, or self-worth.
Verbal abuse normally occurs when two people are alone, or when others cannot see or stop the abuse.
It can happen in any kind of relationship, and it is generally a calculating, insidious process that intensifies over time.
Once it begins, it tends to become a common form of communication in the relationship.