The International Criminal Court (ICC)

The International Criminal Court (ICC) is a court comprised of one-hundred and twenty two states from around the world. The ICC is the "court of last resort," and came into force on July 1, 2002. The court tries four types of crimes: genocide, crimes against humanity, crimes of aggression and war crimes. It is not intended to replace a national justice system. In summary the ICC has issued arrest warrants for 36 individuals and summonses to eight others. Six persons are in detention. Proceedings against 22 are on-going, 15 are at large as fugitives, one is under arrest but not in the Court's custody, two are in the pre-trial phase, and four are at trial. Proceedings against 22 have been completed: two are serving sentences, four have finished their sentences, two have been acquitted, six have had the charges against them dismissed, two have had the charges against them withdrawn.

Joining us today is:

• Professor Bheki Mngomezulu from the politics department at the University of the Western Cape
• Amal Nassar, the International Federation for Human Rights Permanent Representative to the ICC
• Advocate Sipho Mantula Institute for Dispute Resolution in Africa