Mekgwa e HIV e ka amang itekanelo ya tlhaloganyo le Dr Jan Chabalala – Psychiatrist

There is no health without mental health. Mental disorders are highly prevalent among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA), with major depressive disorder occurring almost twice as frequently among this group than in the general population.
Mental disorders may increase an individual’s risk for HIV infection through increased social vulnerability, altered risk behaviour, associated substance misuse and loss of control within sexual relationships. Conversely, such disorders may also arise as a direct result of HIV neuro-invasion or psychosocial stressors, or due to complications of antiretroviral therapy (ART).
Despite their prevalence, mental disorders are often under-diagnosed or inadequately managed in people living with HIV/AIDS. The impact of untreated mental disorders on health outcomes is substantial. It is imperative that clinicians caring for HIV-positive individuals actively screen for, diagnose and manage mental disorders in this population.