Mind-Body Solution with Dr Tevin Naidu

Mind-Body Solution presents enlightening discourse with the world’s leading experts in philosophy, neuroscience, psychology, anthropology, linguistics, AI, and beyond. A function of this podcast is to show just how difficult — intellectually and practically — the mind-body problem is. It will change the way you think about the mind-body dichotomy by taking an in-depth philosophical probe into the nature of reality, morality, spirituality, consciousness, free will, and much more.

Listen anywhere you get your podcasts, and join Dr Tevin Naidu on a quest to conquer the mind-body problem and take one step closer to the mind-body solution.

WATCH: https://youtube.com/c/MindBodySolution

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26
FEB

Ralph Lewis: Purpose Without God & the Unreliability of Subjective Perception, Intuition & Beliefs

WATCH: https://youtu.be/wChDT2oTKVs

Ralph Lewis is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Toronto. He is a clinical psychiatrist at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre in Toronto, Canada and a psycho-oncology consultant at the Odette Cancer Centre in Toronto. Dr. Lewis writes a popular blog series, Finding Purpose, hosted and promoted by his hospital and publishes regularly on Psychology Today. He has published articles on a psychiatric understanding of belief and purpose in Skeptic magazine and the Human Prospect. He has also written a best selling book: "Finding Purpose in a Godless World: Why We Care Even If The Universe Doesn't".

EPISODE LINKS:
- Ralph's Website: http://purposewithoutgod.com/
- Ralph's Blog: https://health.sunnybrook.ca/mental-health/finding-purpose/
- Ralph's Book: https://www.amazon.com/Finding-Purpose-Godless-World-Universe/dp/163388385X#byline_secondary_view_div_1645691160720
- Psychology Today: https://www.psychologytoday.com/za/contributors/ralph-lewis-md

CONNECT:
- Website: https://tevinnaidu.com/podcast
- Instagram: https://instagram.com/drtevinnaidu
- Facebook: https://facebook.com/drtevinnaidu
- Twitter: https://twitter.com/drtevinnaidu
- LinkedIn: https://linkedin.com/in/drtevinnaidu

TIMESTAMPS:
(0:00) - Introduction
(1:15) - Evolution of purposiveness
(5:09) - Religious/Cultural evolution
(8:47) - Atheism, physicalism & reductionism
(16:14) - Psychiatry, consciousness & disordered minds
(30:00) - Religious beliefs vs delusional beliefs
(41:30) - Evolution of belief systems & ideologies
(54:03) - Medicalizing the human condition?
(1:03:44) - Biologizing mental illness?
(1:07:05) - Evolutionary basis of ADHD
(1:19:12) - Ralph's history
(1:37:00) - Michael Shermer, Daniel Dennett, Richard Dawkins, Sam Harris, Stuart Kauffman etc.
(1:44:02) - Free will
(1:49:59) - Existential angst & finding purpose in a godless world
(1:59:45) - Questions from listeners
(2:06:20) - Conclusion
Website YouTube
15
FEB

Menachem Fisch: A Philosophical History of Normativity, Neuroscience and the Mind-Body Problem

WATCH: https://youtu.be/B44_ISJZMlY

Menachem Fisch is Joseph and Ceil Mazer Professor Emeritus of History and Philosophy of Science, and Director of the Center for Religious and Interreligious Studies at Tel Aviv University, and Senior Fellow of the Goethe University Frankfurt's Forschungskolleg Humanwisseschaften, Bad Homburg. He has published widely on the history of 19th century British science and mathematics, on confirmation theory and rationality, on the theology of the talmudic literature, and the philosophy of talmudic legal reasoning. His recent work explores the limits of normative self-criticism, the Talmud's dispute of religiosity, the possibilities of articulating a pluralist political philosophy from within the assumptions of halakhic Judaism, the history and philosophy of scientific framework transitions, and the theo-political roots of Israel's reaction against political Zionism.

EPISODE LINKS:
- Menachem's Website: https://menachemfisch.academia.edu/
- Menachem's Books: https://www.amazon.com/Menachem-Fisch/e/B001H6QT1K%3Fref=dbs_a_mng_rwt_scns_share
- Menachem's Publications: https://scholar.google.co.il/citations?user=1gSAA4YAAAAJ&hl=en

CONNECT:
- Website: https://tevinnaidu.com/podcast
- Instagram: https://instagram.com/drtevinnaidu
- Facebook: https://facebook.com/drtevinnaidu
- Twitter: https://twitter.com/drtevinnaidu
- LinkedIn: https://linkedin.com/in/drtevinnaidu

TIMESTAMPS:
(0:00) - Introduction
(0:20) - Does science need philosophy? (& vice versa)
(6:51) - Philosophical challenges of mind/brain research
(14:03) - Neuroscience vs normativity
(23:57) - Is it possible to predict feelings or qualia?
(28:44) - Our perception of human complexity
(35:32) - Karl Popper (science vs pseudoscience)
(42:40) - Human consciousness and the self
(47:30) - Psychiatric nosology
(56:40) - Transcending normativity
(1:02:07) - Teleology & religion
(1:12:49) - Menachem's author recommendations
(1:17:20) - Conclusion
Website YouTube
13
FEB

Risto Miikkulainen: Neuroevolution, Evolutionary Computation and Models of Present & Future Minds

WATCH: https://youtu.be/NbGkWjyyLKc

Risto Miikkulainen is a Professor of Computer Science at the University of Texas at Austin and AVP of Evolutionary Intelligence at Cognizant AI Labs. He received an M.S. in Engineering from the Helsinki University of Technology (now Aalto University) in 1986, and a Ph.D. in Computer Science from UCLA in 1990. His current research focuses on methods and applications of neuroevolution, evolutionary computation, machine learning, cognitive science as well as neural network models of natural language processing and vision; he is an author of over 450 articles in these research areas. In 2016, he was named Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) for contributions to techniques and applications for neural and evolutionary computation.

EPISODE LINKS:
- Risto's Website https://www.cs.utexas.edu/users/risto/
- Risto's Publications: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=2SmbjHAAAAAJ&hl=en

CONNECT:
- Website: https://tevinnaidu.com/podcast
- Instagram: https://instagram.com/drtevinnaidu
- Facebook: https://facebook.com/drtevinnaidu
- Twitter: https://twitter.com/drtevinnaidu
- LinkedIn: https://linkedin.com/in/drtevinnaidu

TIMESTAMPS:
(0:00) - Introduction
(1:13) - Evolution of Future Minds
(4:37) - Sci-fi Influences
(6:29) - Computational Models in Medicine
(12:04) - AI & Human Minds
(16:45) - Consciousness Models
(20:53) - Similarities Between Biology & Computers
(24:25) - Computing Human Behaviour
(32:18) - Computer Algorithms vs Human Psychology
(39:43) - Human Augmentation (Superhuman)
(45:11) - Neuroevolution & Evolutionary Computation
(1:00:15) - Cognizant AI Labs
(1:03:18) - Ethical Dilemmas in AI
(1:11:25) - Risto's AI Vision For The Future
(1:15:41) - Conclusion
Website YouTube
09
FEB

Raymond Tallis: Ontological Agnosticism, a Critique of Scientism & a Case for Compatibilism

WATCH: https://youtu.be/6F7gsOs5JBI

Raymond Tallis is Professor Emeritus of Geriatric Medicine at the University of Manchester. He is a philosopher, poet, novelist, cultural critic, and a retired physician and clinical neuroscientist, and has published over 200 original scientific articles, including papers in Nature, Medicine, Brain, Lancet, and published over 30 books. Some of his works include: Aping Mankind (2010), Of Time and Lamentation. Reflections on Transience (2017; 2019), An Essay on the Mystery of the Sense-Making Animal (2018), Sunburst (2019), Seeing Ourselves. Reclaiming Humanity from God and Science (2020) and Freedom: An Impossible Reality (2021).

EPISODE LINKS:
- Raymond's Website: https://www.raymondtallis.co.uk/pages/home.html
https://www.buckingham.ac.uk/directory/raymond-tallis/
- Raymond's Books: https://www.amazon.com/Raymond-Tallis/e/B001H6GAQ4%3Fref=dbs_a_mng_rwt_scns_share

CONNECT:
- Website: https://tevinnaidu.com/podcast
- Instagram: https://instagram.com/drtevinnaidu
- Facebook: https://facebook.com/drtevinnaidu
- Twitter: https://twitter.com/drtevinnaidu
- LinkedIn: https://linkedin.com/in/drtevinnaidu

TIMESTAMPS:
(0:00) - Introduction
(0:40) - Ontological Agnosticism re: the Mind-Body Dichotomy
(7:07) - Philosophers who have influenced Raymond
(10:00) - Nature of Time
(16:43) - Nature of Reality
(22:15) - Scientism & Psychiatry
(29:17) - Consciousness & Intentionality
(39:47) - Determinism, Laplace's demon & Benjamin Libet
(47:44) - Compatibilism & Free Will
(58:09) - Animal Consciousness
(1:04:25) - Artificial Intelligence
(1:10:38) - Religion & Humanism
(1:16:40) - Extraterrestrial Minds
(1:19:07) - Advice for Young Naturalists
(1:22:45) - Philosophy/Book Recommendations
(1:26:38) - Raymond's Book "Freedom: An Impossible Reality"
(1:31:51) - Quantum Consciousness, Panpsychism, Illusionism
(1:37:55) - Conclusion
Website YouTube
09
AUG
2021

Nicholas Humphrey: Illusionism or Phenomenal Surrealism? The Magic of Consciousness & Sentience

WATCH: https://youtu.be/SCTJb-uiQww

Nicholas Humphrey is Professor Emeritus of Psychology, London School of Economics, Visiting Professor of Philosophy, New College of the Humanities, & Senior Member, Darwin College, Cambridge. He is best known for his work on the evolution of human intelligence & consciousness. His books include "Consciousness Regained", "Leaps of Faith", "The Inner Eye", "Soul Searching", "Seeing Red", "Soul Dust" & many more. He has been the recipient of several honours, including the Martin Luther King Memorial Prize, the British Psychological Society’s book award, the Pufendorf Medal, the International Mind & Brain Prize, & is the only scientist ever to edit the literary journal Granta.

EPISODE LINKS:
- Nick's Website: http://www.humphrey.org.uk/
- NIck's Books: https://www.amazon.com/Nicholas-Humphrey/e/B000AR7WF4%3Fref=dbs_a_mng_rwt_scns_share
- Royal Institute: https://youtu.be/NHXCi6yZ-eA
- Debate (ft. Philip Goff & Susan Blackmore): https://youtu.be/bAaB5a4kwSU

CONNECT:
- Website: https://tevinnaidu.com/podcast
- Instagram: https://instagram.com/drtevinnaidu
- Facebook: https://facebook.com/drtevinnaidu
- Twitter: https://twitter.com/drtevinnaidu
- LinkedIn: https://linkedin.com/in/drtevinnaidu

TIMESTAMPS:
(0:00) - Introduction
(0:20) - The Self, Soul & Consciousness
(5:40) - Illusionism
(13:14) - Soul Niche
(22:18) - Strange Loops & Attractor States
(29:23) - Consciousness in Primates & "Blindsight"
(39:57) - Sensation vs Perception
(47:09) - Limits of Sentience
(55:13) - Change of Perspective
(1:00:25) - Phenomenal Surrealism
(1:10:10) - Panpsychism
(1:16:33) - Views on Religion
(1:27:59) - AI, Robots & Space Exploration
(1:44:00) - Human Augmentation
(1:50:10) - Psychedelics & Spirituality
(1:56:33) - Evolution of Suicide
(2:01:09) - Altruistic Suicide, Euthanasia & Other Suicides
(2:10:30) - Sentience to Suicide
(2:18:51) - Learning From Our Past & Moving Forward
(2:26:20) - Conclusion
Website YouTube
02
AUG
2021

Keith Frankish: Illusion of Phenomenal Consciousness & Ethical Implications of Illusionism

WATCH: https://youtu.be/QxDYG0K360E

Keith Frankish is a Honorary Reader in Philosophy at the University of Sheffield, a Visiting Research Fellow at The Open University, & an Adjunct Professor with the Brain & Mind Programme in Neurosciences at the University of Crete. He is the author of "Mind and Supermind" & "Consciousness", as well as numerous journal articles & book chapters. He is the editor of "Illusionism as a Theory of Consciousness" & the co-editor of "In Two Minds: Dual Processes and Beyond", "New Waves in Philosophy of Action", "The Cambridge Handbook of Cognitive Science", & "The Cambridge Handbook of Artificial Intelligence".

EPISODE LINKS:
- Keith's Website: https://www.keithfrankish.com/
- Keith's Twitter: https://twitter.com/keithfrankish?s=20
- Keith's Aeon Essays: https://aeon.co/users/keith-frankish
- Keith's Illusionism Lectures: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y2n-s6C1iYQ&list=PLiDYw1G3ZEaLizOlf6flLc876ZpsIzmEs

CONNECT:
- Website: https://tevinnaidu.com/podcast
- Instagram: https://instagram.com/drtevinnaidu
- Facebook: https://facebook.com/drtevinnaidu
- Twitter: https://twitter.com/drtevinnaidu
- LinkedIn: https://linkedin.com/in/drtevinnaidu

TIMESTAMPS:
(0:00) - Introduction
(0:44) - Mind-Body Problem & Cartesian Dualism
(13:19) - David Chalmers & The Hard Problem
(20:25) - Illusionism
(32:07) - Access vs phenomenal (consciousness)
(43:42) - Daniel Dennett & the Cartesian Theater
(56:39) - Weak & strong Illusionism
(1:06:46) - Supporters of Illusionism
(1:14:43) - Counter-arguments
(1:30:28) - Knowledge argument
(1:45:32) - Ethical implications of Illusionism
(1:56:54) - Phenomenological psychopathology
(2:04:08) - Derren Brown & "Tricks of the Mind"
(2:14:52) - Nicholas Humphrey & "Soul Dust"
(2:26:55) - Keith's next book: "Descartes's Prison"
(2:31:16) - Paul Broks & "Into the Silent Land"
(2:36:58) - Psychological Zombies & Philosophical Zombies
(2:48:21) - Religion & expressions of humanity
(2:55:16) - Conclusion
Website YouTube
25
JUL
2021

Lisa Feldman Barrett: Hierarchical Bayesian Brains & the Imposition of Functions, Value & Meaning

WATCH: https://youtu.be/weYvqVvm-nE

Lisa Feldman Barrett is a Distinguished Professor of Psychology at Northeastern University and is among the top one percent most cited scientists in the world for her revolutionary research in psychology and neuroscience. She also holds appointments at Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, where she is Chief Science Officer for the Center for Law, Brain & Behavior. In addition to the books "Seven and a Half Lessons About the Brain" and "How Emotions are Made", Dr. Barrett has published over 240 peer-reviewed, scientific papers appearing in Science, Nature Neuroscience, and other top journals in psychology and cognitive neuroscience, as well as six academic volumes published by Guilford Press. She has also given a popular TED talk with over 6 million views.

EPISODE LINKS:
- Lisa's Website: https://lisafeldmanbarrett.com/
- Lisa's Books: https://lisafeldmanbarrett.com/books/
- TED: https://youtu.be/0gks6ceq4eQ
- TEDx: https://youtu.be/ZYAEh3T5a80

CONNECT:
- Website: https://tevinnaidu.com/podcast
- Instagram: https://instagram.com/drtevinnaidu
- Facebook: https://facebook.com/drtevinnaidu
- Twitter: https://twitter.com/drtevinnaidu
- LinkedIn: https://linkedin.com/in/drtevinnaidu

TIMESTAMPS:
(0:00) - Introduction
(0:36) - What is consciousness?
(8:37) - Perception vs reality
(15:18) - Helmholtz, unconscious inference & the Bayesian brain
(19:40) - Psychiatry, mental health, & reductionism vs holism
(25:34) - Animal consciousness & other minds
(28:02) - Cortex vs mid-brain
(30:49) - Essentialism, semantic memories & abstract concepts
(33:15) - Imposing functions, value & meaning
(40:14) - Anthropology
(44:03) - Free speech, social dilemmas & conflict
(46:05) - Identity & politics
(54:27) - Cognitive dissonance & metabolic costs
(56:36) - Why do we search for a deeper understanding of the mind and universe?
(59:52) - Conclusion
Website YouTube
12
JUL
2021

Michael Graziano: Evolution of Consciousness, Attention Schemas & a Theory of Subjective Experience

WATCH: https://youtu.be/

Michael Graziano is a scientist and novelist who is currently a Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience at Princeton University. He's a best-selling author and has written several books including "Consciousness and the Social Brain", "Re-thinking Consciousness", "The Spaces Between Us", and much more. His scientific research focuses on the brain basis of awareness and he has proposed the "attention schema theory" (AST) - a scientific theory of subjective experience.

EPISODE LINKS:
- Michael's Website: https://grazianolab.princeton.edu/
- Michael's Books: https://www.amazon.com/Michael-S.-A.-Graziano/e/B001JS3WKW?ref_=dbs_p_pbk_r00_abau_000000
- TED-ed "What is consciousness?": https://youtu.be/MASBIB7zPo4
- TED-ed "Uploading our minds": https://youtu.be/2DWnvx1NYUA
- TEDx "Consciousness & the Social Brain: https://youtu.be/Zjak6YgCVdc

CONNECT:
- Website: https://tevinnaidu.com/podcast
- Instagram: https://instagram.com/drtevinnaidu
- Facebook: https://facebook.com/drtevinnaidu
- Twitter: https://twitter.com/drtevinnaidu
- LinkedIn: https://linkedin.com/in/drtevinnaidu

TIMESTAMPS:
(0:00) - Introduction
(0:19) - What is consciousness?
(2:39) - Attention vs awareness
(5:50) - Subjectivity & phenomenal consciousness
(9:20) - Evolution of consciousness
(10:31) - Animal consciousness
(18:01) - Alien minds
(21:55) - Human consciousness
(21:14) - Attention schema theory (AST)
(28:10) - Panpsychism, theory of mind
(32:27) - Extramission
(41:17) - Autistic spectrum
(43:27) - IIT, GWT, & AST
(48:29) - Cartesian dualism
(51:41) - Why consciousness?
(57:15) - Illusionism
(1:00:38) - Rubber-hand illusion
(1:03:59) - Hemi-spatial neglect
(1:06:05) - Split brains
(1:12:28) - Uploading minds
(1:16:42) - Virtual realities
(1:19:28) - Philosophical zombies
(1:21:49) - Psychological zombies
(1:26:28) - Social media
(1:27:29) - Graziano lab
(1:28:29) - Creating AI
(1:30:53) - Arguments against AST
(1:32:32) - Conclusion
Website YouTube
03
JUN
2021

The Mind-Body Problem

WATCH: https://www.youtube.com/c/MindBodySolution

Welcome to Mind-Body Solution. In this episode, Dr Tevin Naidu introduces philosophy's most enigmatic problem — the mind-body problem — and outlines the approach of the podcast moving forward. Mind-Body Solution presents enlightening discourse with the world's leading experts in philosophy, neuroscience, psychology, anthropology, linguistics, AI, and beyond. It will change the way you think about the mind-body connection by taking an in-depth philosophical probe into the nature of reality, mortality, spirituality, consciousness, free will, and much more. Listen anywhere you get your podcasts, and join Dr Tevin Naidu on a quest to conquer the mind-body problem and take one step closer to the mind-body solution.
Website YouTube
03
JUN
2021
 trailer  

Mind-Body Solution

WATCH: https://www.youtube.com/c/MindBodySolution

Mind-Body Solution presents enlightening discourse with the world's leading experts in philosophy, neuroscience, psychology, anthropology, linguistics, AI, and beyond. It will change the way you think about the mind-body connection by taking an in-depth philosophical probe into the nature of reality, mortality, spirituality, consciousness, free will, and much more. Listen anywhere you get your podcasts, and join Dr Tevin Naidu on a quest to conquer the mind-body problem and take one step closer to the mind-body solution.
Website YouTube

22 episodes

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